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Plenary 5: Voice from the Young(Eng) 2020-11-27조회수:216

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[Plenary 5: Voice from the Young]


▣ Moderator

- Kim, Hongjin (Researcher of Coalition for Our Common Future, KAIST Center for Sustainable Development)

▣ Speaker
- Lee, Juhyung, Climate Scouts
- Lee, Ji-Hye, Climate Scouts & Global Green Growth Supporters
- Lee, Jina, KAIST Graduate School of Green Growth
- Jack Bathe, KAIST Graduate School of Green Growth
- Kwabena Sarfo Adjei, Social Entrepreneurship MBA, KAIST College of Business


◎ Plenary 5 introduced the experiences of the youth in dealing with the climate change issue. Five youth panels participated to share their struggles and successes in trying to make a meaningful impact in solving the climate change issue.


- Jack Bathe
Mr. Bathe presented on his new approach to market-based renewable technology transfers and capacity building in developing economies. He first briefly summarized that the goal of his new mechanism was to upscale domestic sustainable development in renewable energy infrastructure by targeting the supply chain, whilst strengthening trade pathways to ensure economic benefits for all involved.
He then raised the problem of the declining share of renewable resource contributions to electricity production in countries of his interest (which are Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and Philippines). He presented two causes contributing to this phenomenon. First is the resource outflows in the current supply chain. Resources, and in our focus metals, are leaving developing nations without contributing meaningfully to renewable energy development and support infrastructure. The secondary issue he points out is that infrastructure in these nations is not capable of absorbing renewable technology. Lack of access to electricity, or lack of electrification and efficiency of use, means that investments in renewables are less attractive than they need to be in order to scale up renewable infrastructure.
To tackle these issues, Mr. Bathe explained that two things need to be done. First, he pointed out that we need to target resource flows and ensure that domestic resources are contributing to the development of domestic projects, rather than simply returning often low-levels of financial resources. Secondly, he emphasized the importance of de-risking future investments by developing the necessary infrastructure and conditions to absorb and utilize these technologies, thereby increasing familiarity with these technologies and ensuring success.
Next, he moved on to explain the approach he took to bring these solutions together. Introducing a diagram of linkages in his mechanism, he explained that his approach lowers the burden on renewable technology producers by providing strong support from the  private sector partners, as well as from the government incentives and ETS benefits. Mr. Bathe explained that his approach would have multifold benefits.
Next, Mr. Bathe explained that in investigating the ability to pilot such a mechanism, he and his team are investigating five countries, all of which are producers and exporters of key metals used in renewable technology production. Zambia, Peru, and Chile are particularly interesting as they are exporters of more than one key material. He ended his speech by expressing his commitment to better the lives of people by establishing a mechanism that enabling strong returns on investment.


- Kim, Hongjin
He asked for the results of the GCF consultancy that Mr. Bathe has received regarding his mechanism.

- Jack Bathe
Mr. Bathe shared GCF’s feedback. The feedbacks included the need to more fully identify countries which can absorb the technology capacity, and the need to target the political barriers as well.

- Kwabena Sarfo Adjei
Mr. Adjei gave a speech on the youth employment in green sector in Ghana. He started out by introducing his country’s industry structure and the environmental problems related to it. Ghana is the biggest producer of gold in Africa, and the 6th largest in the world. However, Ghana lost a lot of its forest due to illegal gold mining. In 2017, the current president of Ghana sworn into office and promised to stop this illegal mining. Joint task force from the police and military was formed. This task force also recruited youth to patrol forest and waters to monitor for illegal mining activities. A youth training program on forest plantation was also launched to reclaim the degraded lands that have been damaged. 20,000 youth were recruited to participated. As a further incentive, 450 dollars stipend was also given every month. This program is innovative in that it reclaims the lands and provide jobs for youth in Ghana at the same time. After introducing the program, Mr. Adjei ends his speech by emphasizing that better achievements can be made by educating the youth about the impact of climate change. To achieve the climate change goals, Mr. Adjei states that raising awareness and educating the public about importance of climate change issue is crucial in the Ghana. 


- Lee, Junhyung
Ms. Lee Junhyung begins her speech by sharing her experience of witnessing daily black-outs in rural India 8 years ago. She contrasts this experience with the situation in Korea where we have full access to electricity. Then, she emphasizes that we can no longer depend on coal-based energy anymore, and that a rapid energy transition will not be sustainable. She moves on to discuss the importance of immediate climate action. In that regard, she introduces the youth climate strike that happened all around the world this November. She explained that the public needs to know the severity of the climate change risk, and that youths should participate in shaping a new social consensus around it. Giving the example of non-response of the government to the public’s resistance of nuclear phase-out, Ms. Lee suggested that we need a platform between citizens, experts, and youth to discuss the impacts of climate change policies. She also pointed out that we need workshops in regional level to deliver and share opinions on energy policies from the bottom-up, along with national level policies. She introduced the Cheongju city’s citizen workshop as an exemplary case. She concluded her speech by reiterating the importance of a bottom up for regional and national level energy policies. 


- Lee, Jihye
Ms. Lee Jihye opened her speech with an interesting fact that the premium fashion brand Chanel started issuing green bonds. Upon sharing a foreign article headline about the event, she explained that such articles were dealt with much more extensively in foreign media, compared to the Korean ones. She explained that such phenomenon was the very reason why she began her climate action in the media. She explained that using Instagram to communicate her organization’s climate actions were especially beneficial since it allowed for international networking and had viral impacts. She then moved on to introduce a platform entirely dedicated to green issues. Last January, Bloomberg launched a new platform entirely dedicated to the green issue. The platform contains various information, news releases, and expert opinion on climate change and environmental issues. Finally, she introduced the organization she was part of, which is dedicated to youth action on climate change. 


- Lee, Jina
Ms. Lee Jina started her presentation by showing a picture of herself when she participated in a Greenpeace Break-free from Coal rally in 2017. She explained that this day converted her into an environmental activist. A month after, she started an Instagram project, especially regarding plastic and waste pollution. In the account, she posted her attempts to do one good thing for earth every day. Nevertheless, some people told her that she can’t change the world all alone. So, she started going to offline events to find more friends like herself. There, she found people who shared the same passion for the environment.
To communicate with these people regularly, she explained that she started a Kakao open chat named “World Without Waste”, which has now grown into a group of 700 participants in just two years’ time. Although the group chat was initially focused on waste management, Ms. Lee explained that interest areas eventually broadened to all environment related issues. It became a safe place to share all our experiences. Ms. Lee then introduced the advent of new smaller groups within this group chat, which brought about greater change. These small groups organized to send back plastic straws to Maeil Dairy company and Namyang Dairy company, and to send back plastic cap of SPAM cans to CJ Cheiljedang.
Ms. Lee explained that she was pleasantly surprised to see that all three of the companies responded to the voices from the customers, and promised to change in their own ways. She emphasized the need to keep an eye on them to monitor if they keep the promise. Ms. Lee concluded by delivering her message that although such actions couldn’t have been done alone, anyone could have started the same community that she runs. She called for young adults to become the grassroots of the social movements. 


[QnA]

- Q (To Lee, Jina from the floor):
Do you think your open group chat has a business opportunity?

- A (Lee, Jina):
Some businesses are seeking our consultancy, so we may be able to collaborate with them, but we are cautious in pondering upon if we can have the same impact and commitment if we become a profitable organization.


- Q (To Jack, Bathe from the floor):
Is there a priority region or country you are focusing on?

- A (Jack Bathe):
Our priority regions are Southeast Asia, South America, and Africa. Priority depends on how much risk we are willing to take. Philippines is an interesting example regarding the decrease in renewables. So is Chile and Zambia for their distinct reasons. So for now, those three are our focus countries. 


- Q (To Lee, Junhyung from the floor):
Do you have any coordination systems form youth movements abroad?

- A (Lee, Junhyung)
We indeed have an outreach from the international youth environmental scouts. We declined, but I believed all this was possible because we had an account in Instagram account. Nowadays, we were able to connect via the online platforms, which we should take full advantage of.


- Q (To Lee, Jihye from the floor):
What is one article or media coverage you remember most regarding climate change?

- A (Lee, Jihye)
I recently encountered a BBC coverage on ‘Ecoside’. The word refers to the deaths that climate change is causing, as in ‘genocide’. This was a big shock for me. For those of you interested, I recommend you take a look. 


◎ Closing Remarks

- Kim, Hongjin
Mr. Kim thanked all the speakers for their passionate actions to combat climate change. He ended the session by emphasizing that we should choose to do things because they are difficult, especially since we have the capacity and desire to solve those difficult issues.




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